Industrial belts are available in many different types, from V-belts to timing belts to conveyor belting. V-belts are the most common type of belt today, and their cross-sectional shape is the “V”.
V-belts are generally made endless so that they can be used with pulleys with varying groove widths without slipping, as the belts are always under tension. Generally, v-belts require less width and tension compared to flat belts.
A typical V-belt consists of multiple layers of rubber which are wound together, forming a continuous belt. The number of rubber layers depends on the thickness of the belt required.
If the belt is made thicker, more layers are needed to ensure that the belt is thick enough to be useful. V-belts are often used to drive the idler pulley of a timing belt system. Because the V-belt is not driven directly, a belt drive has an advantage in terms of life span and durability with lower maintenance compared to chain drives and gear drives.
Timing belts are toothed belts that enable positive drive. They have rows of interlocking teeth that fit securely with a toothed pulley to avoid slipping. Timing belts are frequently used in camshafts of automobiles and crankshafts due to its lower tension and less power capacity compared to V-belts.
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